KR is a residential building situated in the historical center of the city of Varna, Bulgaria, neighboring The Sea Garden and The Black Sea. The plot is small, located on a quiet street with a minimal incline. The building is terraced to the east façade, where the attached historical building is planned to be reconstructed and rebuilt. The creation of contemporary and functional dwellings with elegant and simple design, which fit in the environment unobtrusively is the main architectural concept.
The spatial-volumetric organization of the edifice is in seven storeys with a complicated orthogonal shape which is a result from the urban planning restrictions. The shuffling of openings and solid parts on the facades is a logical result from the geographical orientation of the respective façade wall. The raster patterns develop, beginning with the north façade facing the street, where the openings are the smallest and narrowest, the façade is flat. The voids on the west façade widen, small balconies emerge, creating a more complex façade expression. Facing south, the glazing is broad with a rich light inflow, the balconies get bigger with a view towards the Sea Garden and the Black Sea.
The urban planning parameters define the terraced retreats in the fourth, sixth and seventh floor. The underground and ground levels are intended for parking, while the storeys above have residential function. The interior spaces are wide and well-lit, the second, third and fourth floors contain two apartments each, with areas from 115 to 140sqm, and each of the last three floors acts as a single apartment with areas varying from 200 to 240sqm. There is a parking place or a garage for each apartment with its own storage room. There are individual air-water heat pumps installed, providing heating, cooling and sanitary hot water during the whole year. Heating and cooling are administered by low-temperature combined floor-radiator radiant heating system. The systems are integrated in the building with the intent for bigger energy savings and sustainability.
The design of KR is minimalistic with highlighted strict elegance. The façade materials are intended to be in one plane without any unnecessary details and ornaments. The building consists of three materials – façade tiles from Italgraniti-Nordic stone, glass – Saint-Gobain Planistar Sun and aluminum – Schuco AWS 90 SI.

Client: Komfort ltd.
Program: Residential
Location: Varna, Bulgaria
Gross floor area: 2,352 sqm
Project year: 2015
Realization year: 2019
Photography: Dian Stanchev

2023 ArchDaily Building of the year | Nomination
Building of the year 2019 | Winner | Residential building category
2019 Arhinova | Winner | Residential building category

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